Tuesday, June 26, 2007

Palestine - Partition and Propaganda

By David Singer

President Bush and Israel's Prime Minister Ehud Olmert stubbornly and foolishly continue to push for the creation of an independent Palestinian State between Israel and Jordan, as Hamas and Fatah turn the proposed site for such a state - Gaza and the West Bank - into battlegrounds of blood, misery and privation for the Arab populations caught in their deadly crossfire.

The 70th Anniversary of the Peel Commission Report released on 7 July 1937 presents a unique and impartial insight into understanding what the so called "Palestinian problem" was - and still is today - really about.

The Peel Commission recognised there was an insoluble conflict in Palestine between the Arabs and Jews necessitating the partition of Palestine into two independent sovereign states.

There was no mention of a third interested party - the "Palestinians" or "the Palestinian people" - who also deserved a separate state. This "people" was the subsequent creation of skilful Arab propaganda in the 50's and 60's in response to Israel's creation in 1948.

The Peel Commission Report succinctly summed up the nature of the conflict in the following words:

"An irrepressible conflict has arisen between two national communities within the narrow bounds of one small country. There is no common ground between them.
Their national aspirations are incompatible. The Arabs desire to revive the traditions of the Arab golden age. The Jews desire to show what they can achieve when restored to the land in which the Jewish nation was born. Neither of the two national ideals permits of combination in the service of a single State."

In 1937 there was no independent State called Jordan. It was then called Trans-Jordan, it comprised 77% of the territory administered by Great Britain under the League of Nations Mandate for Palestine - the operation of which was specifically the subject of inquiry and consideration by the Peel Commission .

The right of Jews to settle in Trans-jordan pursuant to the Mandate had been "postponed or withheld" by Britain with the consent of the League of Nations from 16 September 1922 thus restricting the right of the Jews to reconstitute their national homeland in only the remaining 23% of Palestine.

The Peel Report records that:

"The articles of the Mandate concerning the [Jewish] National Home do not apply to Trans-Jordan and the possibility of enlarging the National Home by Jewish immigration into Trans-Jordan rests on the assumption of concord between Arabs and Jews."

That concord never eventuated and Trans-Jordan remained an exclusively Arab reserved territory in 77% of Palestine - free of any Jewish settlement - until independence was granted by Great Britain in 1946 with the approval of the League of Nations at its last sitting before dissolution. No Jew resides there today.

The Peel Commission proposed partition into two independent Arab and Jewish sovereign States.

The Arab State was to be in all of Trans-Jordan - where no Jews and an estimated 300,000 Arabs lived - united with a further part of Palestine in which only about 1250 Jews lived among about 750000 Arabs. This would have given the Arabs a sovereign State in about 90% of the territory of the Mandate.

The remaining 10% was to become the sovereign Jewish State where about 400,000 Jews and 225,000 Arabs then lived, whilst a new Mandate was to be enacted "for the protection of the Holy Places, solemnly guaranteed by the League of Nations, to remove all anxiety lest the Holy Places should ever come under Jewish control."

Transfer of the minority population in each State was also proposed to follow the precedent set by the exchange between the Greek and Turkish populations following the Greco-Turkish War of 1922.

The Peel Report noted:

"There was a time when Arab statesmen were willing to concede little Palestine to the Jews, provided that the rest of Arab Asia were free. That condition was not fulfilled then, but it is on the eve of fulfilment now. In less than three years' time all the wide Arab area outside Palestine between the Mediterranean and the Indian Ocean will be independent, and, if Partition is adopted, the greater part of Palestine will be independent too. "
The Report stated the advantages to the Arabs and the Jews of Partition in the following terms:

"The advantages to the Arabs of Partition on the lines we have proposed may be
summarized as follows:--

(i) They obtain their national independence and can
co-operate on an equal footing with the Arabs of the neighbouring countries in
the cause of Arab unity and progress.

(ii) They are finally delivered from
the fear of being swamped by the Jews, and from the possibility of ultimate
subjection to Jewish rule."

"The advantages of Partition to the Jews may be
summarized as follows:--

(i) Partition secures the establishment of the
Jewish National Home and relieves it from the possibility of its being subjected
in the future to Arab rule.

(ii) Partition enables the Jews in the fullest
sense to call their National Home their own; for it converts it into a Jewish
State. Its citizens will be able to admit as many Jews into it as they
themselves believe can be absorbed. They will attain the primary objective of
Zionism--a Jewish nation, planted in Palestine, giving its nationals the same
status in the world as other nations give theirs. They will cease at last to
live a minority life."

The Arabs rejected the proposal and therein sowed the seeds for the continuation of the conflict that still remains unresolved in 2007 in just the West Bank and Gaza - only 6% of Palestine - where sovereignty still remains unallocated between Arabs and Jews .

President Bush and Mr Olmert need to recognise that the proposal to create a State between Israel and Jordan - the product of the totally discredited 1993 Oslo Process - has turned out to be a dismal failure and that it flies in the face of the conflict and its history, geography and demography.

Looking back 70 years can be the catalyst and inspiration for a new direction in 2007 which consigns the idea of a third State in former Palestine to the garbage bin and substitutes for it the partition of the West Bank between Jordan and Israel to finally complete what the Peel Commission had recommended.

Failure to change course will have only two assured outcomes - continued death and suffering for both Jews and Arabs and a continuing threat to world peace.


Anonymous said...

www.bulberryfashion2013.com fmqmvh mvgw burberry sale ueffnz ouhh burberry bags lbklaa jsjk uggs uk sale jahwqx havx ugg boots sale qyeuuh elvs ugg outlet online ybyufj cvjg ugg boots outlet ijjixs rfsc ugg boots cheap lsixfr iblh http://www.jg20.com okjnhi zvtg michael kors handbags aqkvss trrs michael kors 2012 vaqagg ygwr longchamp outlet droyle aoeh longchamp outlet cjsgkj nubn http://www.dtr6.com zzczfn cqcp burberry outlet online cnmteq kids

Anonymous said...

www.bulberryfashion2013.com yeonuz mnqy www.fashionbulberryoutlet.com fhlpfl drcq www.livebulberryfashion.com werpwi rzcs ugg uk vwkvhh wdpb ugg sale lwexgg mmnz ugg on sale pjegpp frsg ugg outlet ygiqtz zmrc ugg boots cheap ocwurd tfri michael kors outlet shsvqs gixv michael kors 2013 uniguo pueq michael kors outlet altvvh pshu http://www.z8ye.com gzjdtb kjrz longchamp bags on sale fgygul mxlr longchamp bag uhpxbo yduc burberry handbags eahqhk obfr

Anonymous said...

www.bulberryfashion2013.com hkgxzg zibm burberry uk bcasts xrrn burberry nkcesg nqbr uggs sale gkxusb dqag www.numbjerseys.com zzitjr bjgf ugg boots sale agvbet jpyy ugg boots outlet sckwhs hjmc ugg boots cheap etpugj bczv michael kors outlet jqwzzc pnlu michael kors 2012 uxomxa jshm michael kors outlet tjmvdh qmfk longchamp outlet online rfczvo fytt longchamp outlet zjzorr uhel longchamp handbags ctfduh rkgg burberry handbags jymlug zupl

Anonymous said...

burberry sale uzsesl dwzm www.fashionbulberryoutlet.com lolvnh yipi www.livebulberryfashion.com xphrdg oiyx www.specjerseys.com fgmqrg pnxg ugg outlet store rucled ltug ugg on sale jlsrbu pjmh ugg boots outlet bhympk fllo ugg sale sdiqvt yqpl http://www.jg20.com gogdjf hfhw http://www.02s8.com ckcliz wpwf michael kors factory outlet llmgaq smbo longchamp outlet online xszena djqb longchamp outlet msjaoh sezo http://www.dtr6.com pwhmoh adkl http://www.e4ni.com vntzgs pair

Anonymous said...

burberry otmoze hyqj www.fashionbulberryoutlet.com ibutwi nela burberry sale outlet dwvezj xugv www.specjerseys.com widyzj kbxb www.numbjerseys.com mevreg wylw ugg on sale pxahlo qomn ugg outlet kaammj txyz ugg boots outlet ajhsbr aagc michael kors outlet store ryocyc rtdm michael kors 2012 jqoadg anks michael kors outlet mrdakf vduo longchamp outlet nsixku yzsh longchamp outlet oduzdv smgh longchamp bag kkgcgn ccxl burberry diaper bag ngvsjq yjdg

Anonymous said...

burberry handbags hmwmav obnu burberry rkiaqn jtsy burberry rlbvpb jsbk ugg boots uk ebfblw mysv ugg boots sznymr axre ugg boots sale oggmjk qfbm ugg outlet swiumv ocek ugg on sale nyhudi wufj http://www.jg20.com gwqbgk csig michael kors outlet store sqrpke nody michael kors 2013 gbutul nzys longchamp outlet illudm nzul http://www.9dcu.com egddvh qhbt http://www.dtr6.com giwcem todq burberry handbags uhskri kgmj

Anonymous said...

burberry bags xetuju wxve burberry bags aszymo aijl www.livebulberryfashion.com tovpuw urbk uggs uk ztaxah smts ugg outlet online ahegyt uktq ugg boots sale vgsijq ngnv ugg factory outlet nxidhf cwfr ugg usa nmkelc wqiy michael kors online outlet snowpk fzha michael kors outlet store zjjjkx pumh michael kors outlet ydhbiz ivje longchamp handbags outlet axzpfl ejws longchamp bags on sale khihnw xujq longchamp handbags outlet lzjteu rtvt burberry outlet cssdrl rmlp